The 2020 Nobel Prize In Chemistry Has Been Awarded To Emmanuelle Charpentier And Jennifer A. Doudna “for The Development Of A Method For Genome Editing.”

news Oct 11, 2020 3 51
ugochukwu Franklin Amadike @ugochukwu
The 2020 Nobel Prize In Chemistry Has Been Awarded To Emmanuelle Charpentier And Jennifer A. Doudna “for The Development Of A Method For Genome Editing.”
Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020 for discovering one of gene technology’s sharpest tools: the CRISPR/Cas9 genetic scissors. Using these genetic scissors, researchers can edit the genome of practically all living things.

One of the attractions of science is that it is unpredictable – you can never know in advance where an idea or a question may lead. When Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna started investigating the immune system of a Streptococcus bacterium, one idea was that they could perhaps develop a new form of antibiotic. Instead, they discovered a molecular tool that can be used to make precise incisions in genetic material, making it possible to easily change the code of life.

Just eight years after their discovery, these genetic scissors have reshaped the life sciences. Biochemists and cell biologists can now easily investigate the functions of different genes and their possible role in the progression of disease. In plant breeding, researchers can give plants specific characteristics, such as the ability to withstand drought in a warmer climate. In medicine, this gene editor is contributing to new cancer therapies and the first studies attempting to cure inherited diseases.

Through their discovery, Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna developed a chemical tool that has taken life sciences into a new epoch. They have made us gaze out onto a vast horizon of unimagined potential and, along the way – as we explore this new land – we are guaranteed to make new and unexpected discoveries.

The 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna “for the development of a method for genome editing.”

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Franklin Amadike Franklin Amadike Oct 11, 2020
When viruses infect a bacterium, they send their harmful DNA into it. If the bacterium survives the infection, it inserts a piece of the virus DNA in its genome, like a memory of the virus. This DNA is then used to protect the bacterium from new infections.

During Chemistry Laureate Emmanuelle Charpentier’s studies of Streptococcus pyogenes, one of the bacteria that cause the most harm to humanity, she discovered a previously unknown molecule, tracrRNA. Her work showed that tracrRNA is part of bacteria’s ancient immune system, CRISPR/Cas, that disarms viruses by cleaving their DNA.

Charpentier published her discovery in 2011. The same year, she initiated a collaboration with fellow 2020 Nobel Laureate Jennifer Doudna, an experienced biochemist with vast knowledge of RNA. Together, they succeeded in recreating the bacteria’s genetic scissors in a test tube and simplifying the scissors’ molecular components so they were easier to use.

The 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna “for the development of a method for genome editing.”

Press release: https://bit.ly/2Hzxp4h
Popular information: https://bit.ly/3cNgeHJ
Advanced information: https://bit.ly/2HwL3oE Re: The 2020 Nobel Prize In Chemistry Has Been Awarded To Emmanuelle Charpentier And Jennifer A. Doudna “for The Development Of A Method For Genome Editing.”
Franklin Amadike Franklin Amadike Oct 11, 2020
Emmanuelle Charpentier, awarded this year’s Chemistry Prize, was born in 1968 in Juvisy-sur-Orge, France.

She is Director of the Max Planck Unit for the Science of Pathogens, Berlin, Germany.

https://www.mpg.de/9343753/infektionsbiologie-charpentier
https://www.emmanuelle-charpentier-lab.org/

#NobelPrize Re: The 2020 Nobel Prize In Chemistry Has Been Awarded To Emmanuelle Charpentier And Jennifer A. Doudna “for The Development Of A Method For Genome Editing.”
Franklin Amadike Franklin Amadike Oct 11, 2020
This year’s Chemistry Laureate Jennifer A. Doudna was born in 1964 in Washington, D.C, USA.

She is a Professor at UC Berkeley, USA and Investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

https://vcresearch.berkeley.edu/faculty/jennifer-doudna
https://doudnalab.org/people/

#NobelPrize Re: The 2020 Nobel Prize In Chemistry Has Been Awarded To Emmanuelle Charpentier And Jennifer A. Doudna “for The Development Of A Method For Genome Editing.”